The Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) came in to existence on 1-8- 1975 with headquarters at Adilabad. The headquarters was shifted to Utnoor in September, 1979 with the jurisdiction of (44) Mandals, covering with SCA (Special Central Assistance) funds and (1) Mandal i.e., Kubeer with cluster funds. The tribal sub plan area comprises 38.13% of the geographical area of the district. The tribal population of the district as per 2001 census is 4,16,511 which work out to 16.74% of the total population of the district. Out of 4.16 Lakhs tribal population of the District 2.07 Lakhs inhabit the scheduled areas. The Scheduled areas in the Adilabad district extend over 16,
According to the 2011, census Adilabad district has a population of 27,41,239. The district has density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre (440 / sq mi). Its population growth rate in increased over decade 2001-2011 was 10.04%. Adilabad has a sex ratio of 1003 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 61.55%.
Out of the total population of the district, 4.89 Lakhs persons are Scheduled Castes and 4.96 Lakhs persons are Scheduled Tribes forming 17.82% and 18.08% of the total population respectively. Most numerous among the Scheduled Tribes are the Gonds.
In order to streamline the administration in tribal area, Single line administration has been introduced. Officers and staff in the tribal sub-plan area connected with regulatory and developmental functions are placed under the administrative control of the Project Officer ITDA. The Project Officer is empowered to sanction up to Rs.3.00 Lakhs, the District Collector, who is the Chairman of the ITDA can sanction more than 3.00 lakhs and up to Rs. 10.00 lakhs. The Purview of Governing Body of ITDA, above Rs. 10.00 lakhs and all other expenditure has been put before the Governing Body of ITDA.
The strategy adopted in the earlier years has been continued during the period under report for the accelerated development of tribals and tribal area. The adoption of tribal sub-plan has brought significant changes in planning and helped raising the investment levels in tribal areas. The tribal sub-plan is conceived as a tool for tribal development to achieve the following objectives:
In pursuance of the new strategy evolved, perspective plans were prepared for tribal sub-plan areas in the district for integrated development of tribals and tribal areas. In view of the natural resources available in the scheduled areas, the tribal problems are being identified and sectoral priorities have been fixed. Agricultural including allied sectoral were given high priority as it is the sheet anchor of tribal economy. Irrigation which is an important input to give boost to agricultural production was also given due priority. Sinking of irrigation wells linked with electrification programme was taken up as an integral part of agricultural development.
Efforts were made to achieve 100% enrolment of tribal school age children by opening more and more Ashram Schools in clusters of small villages besides continuing all educational concessions and facilities right from primary level to university level. Minimum public health facilities integrated with family welfare and nutrition have been continued in the scheduled areas during the period under report.
Note: Nagoba Jathara at Keslapur of Indervelly Mandal is to be conducted from 19-01-2015