ITDA PROFILE

Establishment of ITDA at Adilabad.  5th March, 1975
The Head Quarters shifted to Utnoor September, 1979.      

Demographic Analysis (2011 Census)

Description

Combined Adilabad Dist

Adilabad

District

Kumram Bheemu District

Mancherial District

Nirmal

District

General Population of the District

2741239

708972

517194

805655

709418

Tribal Population of the District

495794

224622

133806

56790

80576

Percentage of Tribal Population

18.09%

31.68

25.87

7.06

11.36

No. of Revenue Divisions

8

2

2

2

2

No. of Mandals

70

18

15

18

19

Total Gram Panchayats

866

243

175

208

240

Total Revenue Villages

1752

507

436

381

428

Total Habitations

3860

1252

1210

703

695

Total General Population

2741239

708972

517194

805655

709418

Total Tribal Population

495794

224622

133806

56790

80576

Scheduled Mandals

38

17

13

8

0

Schedule Gram Panchayats

195

117

65

13

0

Schedule Revenue Villages

412

242

149

21

0

Schedule Habitations

1461

786

599

76

0

Schedule Area General Population

558713

282145

173658

102910

0

Schedule Area Tribal Population

247263

152308

83459

11496

0

Non-Scheduled Mandals

17

1

2

8

6

Non-Schedule Gram Panchayats

94

27

37

23

7

Non-Schedule Revenue Villages

234

56

97

60

21

Non-Schedule Habitations

539

157

211

104

67

Non-Schedule Area General Population

167598

42128

70374

39553

15543

Non-Schedule Area Tribal Population

79001

27614

27366

13542

10479

Plain Mandals

15

0

0

2

13

Plain Area Gram Panchayats

569

99

72

172

226

Plan Area Revenue Villages

1094

209

190

300

395

Plain Area Habitations

1832

309

400

523

600

Plain Area General Population

1998920

384699

273162

663192

677867

Plain Area Tribal Population

160351

44700

22981

31752

60918

Sub caste wise Population in the District

Combined Adilabad Dist

Adilabad District Kumram Bheemu District Mancherial District Nirmal District
Gond

263515

Lambada

112793

Pardhan

26029

Naikpod

5206

Yerukula

1735

Koya & others

30739

Kolam

38176

Thoty

2231

Mannewar

15370

Total

495794

EDUCATION

Ashram Schools

134

54

45

18

17

Gurukulam Junior Colleges

6

5

1

0

0

Gurukulam High Schools

12

6

5

0

1

Mini Gurukulams

4

3

0

0

1

GPS (TW) running

905

586

221

55

44

B.Ed College for Tribals

1

1

0

0

0

Degree College for Tribals

1

1

0

0

0

Post-matric Hostels

15

7

4

2

2

Youth Training Centers

5

3

1

1

0

Combined Adilabad Dist

Adilabad District Kumram Bheemu District Mancherial District Nirmal District

HEALTH

CHNCs covered Tribal area

11

4

3

0

PHCs

31

16

11

4

0

Sub Centers

186

91

62

33

0

Community Health Centers

2

1

1

0

0

Malaria Sub units

17

4

5

4

4

CHWs working

987

495

438

54

0

Medical Monitoring Tribal Cell

1

1 (at Utnoor)

0

0

0

Branch Central Drug Store

1

1

0

0

0

TRIBAL WELFARE ENGINEERING

Divisions

1

1

0

0

0

Sub divisions

4

1

1

1

1

IKP

TPMU Mandals

20

10

11

2

4

Total Households

161765

62242

53259

18969

25295

Total SHGs in TPMU Mandals

14239

5695

4640

1632

2272

Village Organization

804

342

274

80

108

Disabled Mandals

20

8

8

2

2

GCC

GCC Branches

6

3

2

1

0

GCC Depots

90

42

38

4

6

GCC Sub-Depots

40

18

15

1

6

No of Shandies

35

16

11

3

5

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  • Gond
  • Lambada
  • Kolam
  • Pardhan
  • Mannewar
  • Nalkpod
  • Thoty
  • Yerukula
  • Koya & Others

Important tribes are Gonds, Kolams, Pardhans, Naikpods, Koyas, Mannewars, Andhs, Lambadas and Thoties. The Gonds and Lambadas are predominant among the tribes and constitute about 75% of the tribal population. The Kolams, Mannewars (Telugu speaking Kolams) and Thoties belongs to the Primitive Tribal Groups (PTG).
The tribal area of the district is endowed with rich minerals, forest and water resources. Coal, Limestone, Iron and Clay are the important minerals found in the tribal areas of the district. The soils of the scheduled area are Clay loams and clay under black soils, Sandy loams, under red soils. The texture of the soil differs from Mandal to Mandal. The mineral resources of Adilabd are being exploited in commercial way.
The scheduled areas of the District are covered with rich forest, wealth on which the tribal depend for, fuel, house building materials, and agricultural implements etc. for their livelihood. During lean period, they depend on roots, tubers, bark, flowers, fruits and leaves etc., which are abundantly available in forests. Thus, the dietary items of tribal families mainly consist of leafy vegetables, fruits, etc. which are having high nutrition value. Minor forest produce is available throughout the scheduled area. Collection of minor forest produce is one of the secondary sources of livelihood to the tribals, the necessity of which includes addaleaf, tamarind, gum, mohwa flowers, soap nuts, cleaning nuts, hill brooms, etc. The major forest produce like teak, bamboo etc. are also available in the forest area of the scheduled area.


The tribals of the river side villages catch fish with nets and also use traditional traps. The peaks, forest clad hills, dense forests are the natural hosts of the monsoons. The scheduled areas receive rains mainly from South-west monsoon. The rainy season commences from early June and continue up to the end of October. Usually, incessant rains are experienced during August and September. The rainfall is heavy in early and mid-monsoon (August-September) and it is scanty and irregular towards the end of the season. Further, the rains commence much earlier in the forest clad hills than in the plains and the rainfall is heavy in the closed wooded hills than in the plains.
The tribal area of the district are endowed with rich minerals, forest and water resources, Coal, Limestone, Iron and Clay are the important minerals found in the tribal areas of the district. The mineral resources are being exploited in commercial way. The soils of the scheduled area are Clay loams and clay under black soils, Sandy clay loams, under red soils. The texture of the soil differs from Mandal to Mandal.

The scheduled areas of the District is covered with rich forest, wealth the tribals depend on forest products, fuel, house building material, agricultural implements etc. for their livelihood. During lean period, they depend on roots, tubers, bark, flowers, fruits, leaves etc., which are abundantly available in forests. Thus, the dietary items of tribal families mainly consist of leafy vegetables, fruits etc. which are having high nutrition value. Minor forest produce is available throughout the scheduled area. Collection of minor forest produce is one of the secondary source of livelihood to the tribals, the necessity of which includes addaleaf, tamarind, gum, mohwa flowers, soap nuts, cleaning nuts, hill brooms, etc. The major forest produce like teak, bamboo etc. are also available in the forest area of the scheduled area.

There are plenty of small game poisonous and non-poisonous snakes which are also commnly found in the tribal areas. The tribals of the river side villages catch fish with nets and also use traditional traps. The peaks, forest clad hills, dense forests are the natural hosts of the monsoons. The scheduled areas receive rains mainly from South-west monsoon. The rainy season commences from early June and continued up to the end of October. Usually, incessant rains are experienced during August and September. The Rainfall is heavy in early and mid monsoon (August-September) and it is scanty and irregular towards the end of the season. Further, the rains commence much earlier in the forest clad hills than in the plains and the rainfall is heavy in the closed wooded hills than in the plains.
The important food crops grown in the tribal areas are jowar, paddy, bajra, maize, wheat and commercial crops like cotton, chilly, pulses etc.
The two pronged approach of elimination of exploitation and accelerated development of tribals was continued during the period under report. The ITDA started in August 1975 at Adilabad and subsequently the headquarters shifted to Utnoor in September 1979. The Progremmes of the ITDA has accelerated the pace of development by executing multifarious development programmes. Further, development programmes are being implemented by this agency for PVTGs. Due to various measures taken up for implementation of development programmes both in tribal sub-plan area and outside the tribal sub-plan area, the flow of funds and benefits to the tribals was ensured. Various development programmes implemented in the scheduled areas for the benefit of the tribals are discussed in the next chapter